The Gas in Focus observatory decrypts the evolution of the gas sector through five indicator families: Infrastructures, Uses, New gases, Markets and Procurement.
The production, transportation, storage and supply of natural gas are inseparable from the infrastructure that is associated with this source of energy. In perpetual development, these infrastructures testify to the technical expertise of the actors of the sector and a long-term projection for the exploitation of these works.
The share of gas in national energy consumption has been stable since the early 2000s (around 20%). This energy vector also meets the needs of energy-intensive industrialists and the needs of individuals connected to the distribution network.
As part of a dynamic integration of the European market, the natural gas market tends to become homogenized between the different countries in the zone. Streamlined exchanges around common market places, more and more players and competitive prices are all indicators of this structural evolution of the natural gas market on a European scale.
With only a few producing countries and forecasts of decreasing production by 2030, the Europe zone relies mainly on its imports to meet its consumption. To this end, it benefits from increasingly diversified sources of supply, thanks in particular to infrastructures dedicated to LNG.
In a context of energy transition, natural gas and biogas stand out as real alternatives to traditional high carbon energies and as indispensable complements to new energies. New gases, biomethane and hydrogen projects are all initiatives that affirm the central role of gas in this new environmental dynamic.