Our focuses

The natural gas industry is complex and constantly evolving. To understand its specificities and major dynamics, the Gas in Focus Observatory proposes to decipher its main challenges in analyses devoted to the themes driving the current of the sector.

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Infrastructures

LNG, which stands for Liquefied Natural Gas, is natural gas that has been converted to a liquid state by cooling to below -163°C. In this form, it occupies 600 times less space than before cooling, while retaining the same calorific value. This makes transport much easier.

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Natural gas, like most other commodities, can be stored for an indefinite period of time. The natural gas supply chain – from exploration and production to transportation – is a time-consuming process, and the natural gas that reaches its destination is not always needed right away. 

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Uses

There are three main sources of electricity generation in France. Among them, thermal production, generates electricity from the energy produced by burning fossil fuels such as oil, coal and natural gas. To a lesser degree, thermal energy can be produced using biomass (wood, straw, agricultural waste) and also through decentralised production by cogeneration units in which steam from industrial processes and heat networks is used to generate electricity...

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Natural gas appliances are economically competitive and help make homes energy-efficient. The use of natural gas is fully compatible with the most efficient and up-to-date methods of building insulation. The latest innovations in gas appliances are increasingly efficient and consistent with the new environmental policies.

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New gases

The transport sector is the world’s first oil consumption sector. This situation can be explained by a very strong and growing energy demand (around a third of the global energy demand) and the monopoly position of oil in the energy mix of the sector.

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Coordinated by GRTgaz in association with eight industrial partners, Jupiter 1000 Power-to-Gas demonstrator, will allow to store electricity under gaseous form in order to inject it into the natural gas transport network. As the first projects are currently being implemented in France, this technology feeds many expectations for its capacity to store big volumes of electricity while minimizing losses.

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Natural gas is a gaseous mix of hydrocarbons naturally trapped in porous rocks. Its composition and energetic value may change significantly depending on its origin. Natural gas consumed in Europe is mostly non-associated conventional gas 

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In 2020, a new environmental regulation for new buildings comes into force: the RE2020. Provided for by the ELAN law (law for the evolution of housing, development and digital), it follows several previous thermal regulations that set requirements on the construction of buildings. 

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Hydrothermal gasification is an innovative process for high-pressure (210 to 300 bar) and high-temperature (360 to 700°C) thermochemical conversion of wet organic waste, alone or in a mixture, into a renewable gas that can be injected into the system after treatment. Water, used as the main reagent under very specific conditions, is essential for the operation of the process

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Markets

On November the 1st, GRTgas and Teréga , the two French gas TSO (Transport System Operators), have launched the unique market place for gas, the Trading Region France (TRF). From this day, the PEG (Point of exchange of gas) price is the unique price on the gas wholesale market in France, without any distinction between the North and the South ex-areas.

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he network codes are one of the key points of the European harmonization and the development of an integrated energy market. They are a set of common rules of technical and commercial conditions for the access to the transmission networks of gas and electricity, which are equally applied in the European Union and facilitate exchanges between different marketplaces. 

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Achieving a genuine internal energy market is a priority goal for the European Union. The internal energy market is made up of the European gas and electricity markets. It has been the subject of several successive sets of directives and regulations, grouped into “legislative packages”. There have been five such packages up to now, put together by the European Parliament and the European Union Council, which establish common rules for the internal energy market for all Member States. 

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Supplies

Gases L and H are defined by distinct calorific powers. Thus the power of gas L is lower than gas H’s (around 10kWh per m2 for gas L, and around 11,5 for gas H), because of a higher content in nitrogen for gas L. Moreover, those gases distinguish from one another by different distribution pressure, which is superior for gas L to compensate its lower calorific power.

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