Biogas production channels in Europe
Source: Eurobserv’ER (2019)
Biogas is produced from organic material in the absence of oxygen. Production can take place in waste storage facilities, treatment plants or using organic waste from agriculture and the agro-food industry (on the graph, “Other biogases”). Thermal biogas is produced by applying pyrolysis or gasification of solid biomass (wood, forest residue, solid and fermentable household waste).
In 2018 Europe biogas production remained stable (16,8 Mtoe) Thermal biogas production increased by 2 in 2 years
Thanks to its proactive policy, Germany is the main producer of biogas in Europe with a production of 7 631 ktoe in 2018 (almost half of Europe's production). This production is essentially based on waste from agriculture and the agro food industry. For its part, the United Kingdom produces a significant proportion of biogas in waste storage facilitied: 1168 ktoe produced in 2018 These two examples illustrate the existence of a potentially large yet undeveloped production of biogas in Europe. France is still the 4 th European country in 2017 with 0.90 Mtoe of biogas produced. Biogas is usually used to produce electricity. Biogas electricity output totalled 61 TWh in 2018.