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Gas and electricity markets opening in France

This indicator presents the natural gas and electricity market for residential and non-residential customers.


Source: CRE (2022)


The electricity and natural gas markets were liberalized in 2004 for professional consumers and then in 2007 for residential. The opening is greater for gas than for electricity.


On the gas side, the decrease in the regulated tariff is quite slow for residential customers and is mainly to the benefit of market offers from alternative suppliers. With regard to professional customers, almost all of them now have an offer at the market price (98%).


On the electricity side, the regulated tariff is losing half of its professional customers. Suppliers manage to capture the bulk of these contract changes. For residential customers, the openness remains rather low - only 36% have an electricity supply at the market price.

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