Evolution of biogas production in France

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Description

This indicator shows the evolution of biogas production in France since 2006 and the trajectory to follow in order to achieve the PNA 2020 objectives (National Action Plan for renewable energy). This indicator can be correlated with the number of biomethane injection units in France.


Analysis

Electricity production based on biogas has slowed over the past three years, moving away from the target trajectory in order to achieve the 625 MWe installed capacities objective (and a production of 3,700 GWh). Moreover, heat production continues to get below the target trajectory. The objectives set by the multiannual programming of energy, aiming for a production of 900 ktoe by 2023 seem difficult to reach, unless an accelerated effort of the installation is made on the new production capacities. The number of biomethane units has increased between 2017 and 2018. From now on, there are 58 biomethane injection units. The projects being ever more numerous, heat production is expected to increase in the coming years.The “Plan Énergie Méthanisation Autonomie Azote” (Methanisation Autonomy Nitrogen Energy Plan), announced by the French government in 2013, plans the construction of 980 new mechanization projects per year from 2013 to 2020. Today, there are already 356 agricultural methanizers, mainly located in Brittany, Pays de la Loire and Grand Est.

SOeS, PNA 2020 et GRTgaz (2018)