Biogas production channels in Europe

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Description

Biogas is produced from organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Production can take place in waste storage facilities, treatment plants or using organic waste from agriculture and the agro-food industry (on the graph, “Other biogases”).


Analysis

Thanks to its proactive policy, Germany is the main producer of biogas in Europe with a production of 7,956 ktoe in 2016 (half of Europe’s production). This production is essentially based on waste from agriculture and the agro-food industry. For its part, the United Kingdom produces a significant proportion of biogas in waste storage facilities. These two examples illustrate the existence of a potentially large yet undeveloped production of biogas in Europe. France is the 5th largest European country with 0.58 Mtoe of biogas produced. Biogas is usually used to produce electricity : 62.5 TWh in 2016.

 

Source Eurobserv’ER (2017)