Biogas production channels in Europe

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Biogas is produced from organic matter in the absence of oxygen. Production can take place in waste storage facilities, treatment plants or using organic waste from agriculture and the agro-food industry (on the graph, “Other biogases”).


Thanks to its proactive policy, Germany is the main producer of biogas in Europe with a production of 7,956 ktoe in 2016 (half of Europe’s production). This production is essentially based on waste from agriculture and the agro-food industry. For its part, the United Kingdom produces a significant proportion of biogas in waste storage facilities. These two examples illustrate the existence of a potentially large yet undeveloped production of biogas in Europe. France is the 5th largest European country with 0.58 Mtoe of biogas produced. Biogas is usually used to produce electricity : 62.5 TWh in 2016.


Source Eurobserv’ER (2017)